Periodontal Disease

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What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is when gums become sore and bleed. It can range in severity from mild gum inflammation (or gingivitis) to serious damage to the soft tissue and jaw bone and even tooth loss. Read about Gingivitis.

What is the cause of gum disease?

Swollen and bleeding gums are the result of a build up of plaque and bacteria in the mouth, irritating the soft tissues. This is usually due to poor oral hygiene.

What happens if gum disease is not treated?

Gum disease can easily be treated in the early stages however if it is left it can develop into a serious gum infection, or periodontitis, which is much more serious and can lead to loss of teeth.

What treatments are needed?

Gum disease in the early stages can be easily treated by your dentist. Treatments usually consist of removing the build up of plaque from the teeth and gums and thoroughly cleaning the whole mouth.

If periodontal disease is advanced and teeth are already lost, the disease must be treated before teeth can be replaced.

 

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